The Land of Passes, Ladakh (La=passes, Dakh= Land), was once the independent Kingdom, was ruled by dynasties descending from the King of Tibet. This region was a best trade route between Panjab and central asia and it became under the ruler of Jammu in 19 th Century. During the British regime in India, it went under British colony then to republic of India.
Not only the land of passes, Ladakh is also the land of Lakes and springs. The major area of the region is mountainous desert landscape and it is rain shadow from the Indian Ocean monsoon. Though few rain receives during the summer, the source of water of the region is winter snowfall. Due to the high alleviation, the agriculture season is short from April to September depending upon the climate.
Ladakh, also knows as Little Tibet, is bounded by the by two world’s greatest mountain range Karakoram and Himalaya. A total of 97000 sq Km land, is located in the north-western area of India and it belongs to Jammu and Kasmir state. The altitude of the Ladakh is varies from 2750m to 7672 m at Saser Kangri.
The approx population of 240000 is mainly Dardic, Mongoloid Tibetan and Indo-Aryan. Ladakhi, Balti, Dardic, Urdu and Hindi are the principal language spoken in the area. Buddhism is the predominant religion where as Muslim also has some presence.
Indian Visa is required to enter Ladakh, and it can be obtained from the any Indian Embassy and consulate office around the world. A two copies passport sized photograph is required to proceed the application form and visa is normally valid for 6 months.
Indian airline operates regular scheduled flight to Leh from Delhi, Chandigarh, Jammu and Srinagar. Jet Airway also has scheduled flight between Delhi and Leh. The main overland approach to Ladakh from Srinagar and is 434 Km far from Leh, similarly, Manali to Leh is another possibility to reach Ladakh and two cities has 473 Km distance.