Uttaranchal - days
Uttaranchal is an union of Kumaon and Garhwal. The traditional name of Garhwal was Uttarakhand and was part of the Mauryan Empire. King Ajai Pal merged garh or fortress from 15th century to unify Garhwal and it remained one Kingdom for 300 years. The Kumaon was part of the Katyuri dynasty. The Katyuri kings ruled from the seventh to the 11th century, holding sway at the peak of their powers over large areas of Kumaon, Garhwal, and western Nepal. The present state of Uttaranchal was as part of the United Province of Agra and Awadh since 1902. In 1950, the United Province was renamed as Uttar Pradesh. The state Utterachal is formed as 27th state of India on 9th November 2000 carving out from Utter Pradesh.
The entire state is part of the western Himalayan range and has beautiful landscape, religious places, trekking trails, national parks, mountain peaks and historical and archaeological sites. A major part of this Himalayan state comes under rainforests and alpine forests that are home to some of the highly endangered wildlife species such as Royal Bengal Tiger. Around 70% of the total areas are covered with the rainforests.
With the area of 53483 sq. Km, this state is located in the northern part of India and bordered by Nepal through east, Tibet from North, Himanchal state from west and Utter Pradesh from south. The altitude of this state varies from, Nanda Devi, The goddess of Bliss, 7817m, the highest point to Shivalik foothills.
The total population of this state is 8.48 million and Garhwalis, Kumaonese and Bhotia traders are the main inhabitants. Hinduism and Buddhism are the major religion as Kumaoni and Garhwaliare the major language spoken in this state.
Indian Visa is required to enter Utteranchal, and it can be obtained from the any Indian Embassy and consulate office around the world. A two copies passport sized photograph is required to proceed the application form and visa is normally valid for 6 months.
Jolly Grant, Dehradun is the nearest airport to enter Utteranchal where Indian Airline has been operating regular scheduled flight from Delhi. A Well connection of railway and bus service made easier to reach Utteranchal from the neighboring states and Nepal.